Tuesday, 2 February 2016

4500 year old egyptian sun boat discovered

Ancient Egyptian boat discovered near pyramids

A worker at the site where Czech archaeologists discovered an ancient funerary boat in the Old Kingdom necropolis of Abu Sir, southwest of the capital Cairo, today. The discovery of the more than 4,500-year-old wooden boat, which archaeologists believe to have been owned by an elite person to the pharaoh, was made at the Abusir South cemetery. – AFP pic, February 1, 2016.
A worker at the site where Czech archaeologists discovered an ancient funerary boat in the Old Kingdom necropolis of Abu Sir, southwest of the capital Cairo, today. The discovery of the more than 4,500-year-old wooden boat, which archaeologists believe to have been owned by an elite person to the pharaoh, was made at the Abusir South cemetery. – AFP pic, February 1, 2016.Czech archaeologists have unearthed an ancient funerary boat near the Abusir pyramids south of Cairo, officials said toay, in a discovery that could shed light on shipbuilding in ancient Egypt.
The discovery of the more than 4,500-year-old remains of the wooden vessel, which archaeologists believe belonged to a prominent member of society, was made at the Abusir South cemetery, an antiquities ministry statement said.
While members of the team were clearing a mastaba or ancient tomb, they found parts of the 18-metre-long boat covered in sand and lying on a bed of stones, the ministry said.
"This is a highly unusual discovery since boats of such a size and construction were during this period reserved solely for top members of the society, who usually belonged to the royal family," the director of the Czech mission said in the statement.
for the rest of the article, see url below:


Sunday, 24 January 2016

a paradoxical dilemma

i face a great paradox. on one hand, Christians past and present laud and praise the life and ministry of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. but what about his one act to join the conspirators to get rid of Hitler? Bonhoeffer however failed. Hitler did not die, and Bonhoeffer together with others lost their lives. the great war prolonged and more people suffered and died.

today in a certain country, there is a sort-of dictator, almost an untouchable. he and his wife skim off from the country's coffers and continue to bleed the nation dry. attempts by others within the circle to remove him by legal means has failed. he continues to get away and boasts of his near-invincibility.

What if a modern day 'Dietrich Bonhoeffer' arises and decides to collude with others that 'it is more expedient for one man to go than for a whole nation to suffer' and takes action to get rid of this dictator? even if he fails and is arrested and executed, will we see his actions as martyr-like and his aim sound and noble? will we extol him and call him a modern-day Bonhoeffer?

Friday, 8 January 2016

solomon, socrates and aristotle?

Solomon, Socrates and Aristotle

In the earliest Biblical painting, Greek philosophers admire the king’s wisdom

Is it possible that the earliest existing picture of a scene from the Bible also includes the philosophers Socrates and Aristotle as onlookers? It is not only possible; I believe that is the case.
The earliest depiction of a Biblical scene comes from a site that is perhaps better known to some for its erotic art than for its religious devotions: Pompeii. The city was buried in volcanic ash in 79 A.D. following the eruption of nearby Mt. Vesuvius. It was a devastating tragedy for Pompeii’s residents but a boon to modern scholars and art historians.
In the building known as the House of the Physician, excavators found a wall painting clearly depicting King Solomon seated on a raised tribunal and flanked by two counselors. As described in the Bible, two women have come to the Israelite monarch, each claiming to be the mother of the same infant. When Solomon orders the baby to be divided in half, the real mother, shown at the foot of the dais, pleads with him to spare the child and announces her willingness to relinquish her claim. The other woman is shown standing by the butcher block on which the infant has been placed. As a soldier raises an axe to do the king’s bidding, she seizes what she believes will be her portion, saying, according to the Biblical text, “Let it be neither mine, nor thine, but divide it.” It is obvious who the real mother is. The child is given to her unharmed as soldiers and observers look on, marveling at Solomon’s wisdom (1 Kings 3:16–28).
for the rest of the article, pls go to the url below:


Thursday, 5 November 2015

creator of queen nefertiti's bust

Who Made the Bust of Queen Nefertiti?

Nefertiti mystery solved

The bust of Queen Nefertiti. Photo: Philip Pikart’s image is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.
Has the ancient Egyptian artist who created the famous bust of Nefertiti been identified? French Egyptologist Alain Zivie certainly thinks so. In a recent article in Arts & Cultures,1 the annual publication of the Musée Barbier-Müller, Zivie demonstrates that we have very good reasons to believe that a 14th-century B.C. Egyptian artist named Thutmose was the skilled artisan who memorialized Nefertiti’s visage in stone and plaster.
Nefertiti was the wife of Akhenaten, pharaoh of Egypt in the mid-14th century B.C. In the fifth year of his reign, Akhenaten moved the capital from Memphis to Akhetaten (modern Tell el-Amarna), a new city he established on the east side of the Nile River. During Akhenaten’s reign, new styles of Egyptian art were adopted—with one of the most iconic pieces of art from this period being the bust of Nefertiti. It is debated whether the famous bust idealized the queen’s beauty.
for the rest of the article, pls go to the url below:


Saturday, 31 October 2015

addition to gilgamesh epic

Ancient Clay Tablet Offers New Insights into the Gilgamesh Epic

Gilgamesh tablet on display at the Sulaymaniyah Museum

This ancient clay tablet was acquired along with other Babylonian antiquities in 2011 by the Sulaymaniyah Museum in Iraq. Researchers discovered that the tablet contained passages from the Gilgamesh Epic. Photo: “Tablet V of the Epic of Gligamesh” by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP (Glasg). Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Commons.
Tablet V of the ancient Mesopotamian Gilgamesh Epic tells the story of the heroes Gilgamesh and Enkidu as they combat Humbaba, the monstrous guardian of the Cedar Forest. Two ancient clay tablets securely represent the story that unfolds in Tablet V: a Neo-Assyrian tablet fromNineveh and a Late Babylonian tablet from Uruk. Now, an ancient clay tablet acquired in recent years by the Sulaymaniyah Museum in the Kurdistan Region of Iraqoffers new insights into the adventures of Gilgamesh, the king of Uruk, and his companion Enkidu.
The earliest known texts of the Gilgamesh Epic were written by the Sumerians, the first literate civilization inMesopotamia, in the third millennium B.C.E. By the end of the second millennium B.C.E., the epic story developed into an 11-tablet text. Assyrian scribes added an additional tablet describing Gilgamesh’s preparations for death and journey to the underworld in the eighth century B.C.E.
The Sulaymaniyah Museum tablet is a copy of Tablet V of the so-called Standard Babylonian version of the Gilgamesh Epic. Assyriologists Farouk Al-Rawi and Andrew George, both of SOAS, University of London, studied the tablet together over five days in the Sulaymaniyah Museum and published their findings in 2014.1 Inscribed by hand incuneiform, the writing system of “wedge-shaped” signs used throughout the Near East in the first four millennia B.C.E., the partially broken tablet measures 4.3 by 3.7 inches and is 1.2 inches thick.
While the provenance of the Gilgamesh tablet is unknown, the researchers state in their paper that it’s “highly probable that [the tablet] was unearthed at a Babylonian site.”
“The only evidence for the time of writing of an undated cuneiform tablet is paleography,” Andrew George told Bible History Daily. “In my opinion, having read many tablets of Old Babylonian and Neo-Babylonian date, the script of the Sulaymaniyah Gilgamesh tablet […] is a typical Neo-Babylonian script, probably—and here things are more subjective—not later than the sixth century B.C.E.”